ELENA OLGERDOVNA (born in 1357-1360 - † August 15, 1437), Princess of Serpukhov and Borovsk, since January-February 1372 the wife of Vladimir Andreevich the Bold, Prince of Serpukhov and Borovsk, cousin of Dmitry Ivanovich, Prince of Moscow and the Grand Prince of Vladimir


  • Algirdas, son of Gediminas, the Grand Duke of Lithuania (1345-1377)


  • Ulyana Alexandrovna, the Grand Duchess of Lithuania, the second wife of Algirdas


Elena was one of the eldest daughters of the Grand Duke of Lithuania Algirdas from his second marriage to Juliania (Ulyana) of Tver. She was born c. 1357-1360 and subsequently had to play a significant role in stabilizing relations between the Lithuanian state and Moscow.

In 1371, the truce between Moscow and Lithuania expired. Despite some military successes, Algirdas strove to achieve peace with the Moscow prince and therefore sent ambassadors to Dmitry Ivanovich Donskoy. He was in the Horde at that time and the Lithuanians were received by Metropolitan Alexei. As a guarantee of good relations, the ambassadors offered to marry Algirdas's daughter Elena to Dmitry Ivanovich's ally Vladimir Andreevich the Bold, the Serpukhov prince. Alexei agreed and upon the return of Dmitry Ivanovich from the Horde, the marriage was concluded [II, cl. 96; III, p. 131]. For Moscow and Lithuania, agreement achieved in 1371/72 did not become the forerunner of real peace, but marked changes in the position of Lithuania: the Lithuanian prince intended to show Moscow his good intentions in every possible way, leaving Tver isolated in the diplomatic arena [1, p. 201]. A. V. Ekzemplyarsky noted that the agreement on the marriage was reached in the absence of Dmitry Ivanovich, but the marriage itself was concluded with his direct participation [6, p. 296, n. 791]. Modern researchers are trying to define a narrower framework for the emergence of this union. V.A. Kuchkin calls the period January – February 1372 [2, p. 20; 3, p. 67]. A.B. Mazurov and A. Y. Nikandrov clarify the possible date of the wedding even more: from 7 to 24 of January [4, p. 78].

However, it should be noted that this marriage, ultimately, could not significantly affect the relationship between Lithuania and Moscow. Algirdas's military campaigns continued the following year. Vladimir Andreevich played a prominent political role during this period, but the chronicles, as a rule, are silent about the details of the biography of his wife.

After the death of Dmitry Donskoy in 1389, Vladimir Andreevich remained dissatisfied with the new order of succession to the throne, which left the grand princal table for Dmitry's eldest son. Moreover, his expectations regarding the growth of land holdings did not come true either. It did not couse a serious conflict: Vasily Dmitrievich granted the Serpukhov prince two cities and a number of villages. Attention is drawn to the condition of the contract concluded: Vladimir Andreevich was supposed to go on a military campaign at the first request of his nephew, while leaving his wife and children in Moscow. Probably, the prince's family in this case should have become the guarantor of Vladimir Andreevich's loyalty to the Grand Prince of Moscow [6, p. 301].

In marriage, Elena Olgerdovna and Vladimir Andreevich had 7 sons [II, cl. 157; III, p. 131, 138, 143], however, it is not possible to clearly establish their seniority (on the sons of Vladimir Andreevich the Bold, see: 2, pp. 20–22).

In 1410, shortly before his death, Vladimir Andreevich drew up a spiritual charter, according to which he transferred significant land plots to Elena, some of which she was free to dispose of at her own will [I, No. 17, p. 45-51]. It is essential to note one nuance of Old Rus law: often land was transferred to widows only for "use", women could own villages, receive income from them, but they could not freely dispose of  them (sell or bequeath at their own discretion). After the death of a woman, such lands were to be inherited by her sons. Nevertheless, exceptions are known when lands were transferred to princesses in unconditional ownership [5, p. 41]. According to the will of Vladimir the Bold, Elena, could dispose of at her own discretion some of the villages left to her, which the princess did: she bequeathed them in 1434 to her granddaughter Maria Ivanovna, daughter of Ivan Vladimirovich and Vasilisa [I, No. 28, p. 71-73; 4, p. 261].

Elena took monastic vows under the name of Eupraxia. She died on August 15, 1437.


  • Andrew the Elder, died in infancy
  • Ivan, Prince of Serpukhov (1410-1422)
  • Yaroslav, Prince of Maloyaroslavl (1410-1426)
  • Fedor (1390-1390)
  • Vasily, prince of Przemyshl and Uglich (1410-1427)
  • Simeon, Prince of Borovsk (1410–1425), Prince of Serpukhov (1422–1426)
  • Andrey the Younger (d. 1426), prince of Serpukhov, Radonezh, Borovsk [2, p. 21-22]


Towns and volosts: Luga, Kozlov, Brod, Badaeva Slobodka; Luga volosts: Lovyshina, Yartseva Sloboda, Sosnovets, Turyi Gory, Bubol, Vepreyka, Yakimova Slobodka, Makovets, Setunka, Terekhov, Spirkova Slobodka, Artemova Slobodka, Skomantova Gridi Yartseva, Mikhalkov Stepan Osiptsov, Dynka Slobodkas Moscow villages: Kolomenskoe, Nogatinskoe, Taninskoe, Koreyevo, Kosino with three lakes, Obunets, a mill at the mouth of the Yauza; Vskhodnoe with villages; Tetkovo lake; Omutskoe with villages and meadows; the villages of Bovykino and Dolgoye Lake; Voronovskoe; Kovezinskoe; Bityagovo; Domodedovo; the village of Bogoroditskoye in Uglich; villages Bubolskoe, Medkino, Dyakovskoe [I, no. 17, p. 45-51] * * The list contains all the villages and towns that have passed to Elena, regardless of the form of ownership. On her own she could fully dispose of the villages of Bubolsky, Medkino and Dyakovsky. The rest after her death were to be divided between her sons.


I. Dukhovnye i dogovornye gramoty velikikh i udel'nykh kniazei XIV–XVI vv. / Podg. k pechati L.V. Cherepnin. M.: L., 1950.

II. PSRL. T. XV. Rogozhskii Letopisets. Tverskoi sbornik. M., 2000.

III. PSRL. T. XVIII. Simeonovskaia letopis'. SPb., 1913.


1.      Kliug E. Kniazhestvo Tverskoe (1247–1485 gg.). Tver', 1994.

2.      Kuchkin V.A. Moskovskie Riurikovichi (genealogiia, demografiia) // Istoricheskii vestnik. 2013. № 04 (151). S. 6–73. 

3.      Kuchkin V.A. Pervaia dukhovnaia gramota Dmitriia Donskogo // Srednevekovaia Rus'. Vyp. 2.  M., 1999. S. 46–78.

4.      Mazurov A.B., Nikandrov A.Iu. Russkii udel epokhi sozdaniia edinogo gosudarstva. Serpukhovskoe kniazhestvo v seredine XIV – pervoi polovine XV v. M., 2008.

5.      Pushkareva N.L.  Zhenshchiny Drevnei Rusi. M..1989.

6.      Ekzempliarskii A.V. Velikie i udel'nye kniaz'ia severnoi Rusi v tatarskii period s 1238 g. po 1505 g.: biograficheskie ocherki po pervoistochnikam i glavneishim posobiiam. T. 2. Vladetel'nye kniaz'ia Vladimirskikh i Moskovskikh udelov i velikie i udel'nye vladetel'nye kniaz'ia Suzdal'sko-Nizhegorodskie, Tverskie. Riazanskie. SPb., 1891.


Internet Resources

1. Mazurov A.B., Nikandrov A.Iu. Russkii udel epokhi sozdaniia edinogo gosudarstva. Serpukhovskoe kniazhestvo v seredine XIV – pervoi polovine XV v. M., 2008