ZVENISLAVA VSEVOLODOVNA (year of birth unknown, † in 1155-1160 in Germany), Princess of Silesia, since 1142 the first wife of Prince of Silesia Boleslaw the Tall


  • Vsevolod Olgovich, Prince of Chernigov (1127-1139), Grand Prince of Kiev (1139-1146)


  • Maria Mstislavna, Princess of Chernigov, then Grand Princess of Kiev, daughter of Prince of Kiev Mstislav Vladimirovich and Christina of Sweden


Zvenislava was the daughter of Vsevolod Olgovich and his first wife Maria Mstislavna, the daughter of Mstislav-Harald the Great and Christina of Sweden. The exact date of birth is unknown. In the sources Zvenislava ais mentioned only fragmentary, mainly in the regard of her being sent to Poland for a wedding.

L.E. Morozova believes that Zvenislava was married to the Polish prince Boleslaw IV the Curly [4, p. 346], however, most researchers agree that the wife of Boleslav IV was Verkhuslava Vsevolodovna, daughter of the Novgorod prince Vsevolod Mstislavich [1; 3, p. 249; 5, s. 158-159]. Zvenislava became the wife of Boleslaw the Tall, the son of the Polish prince Wladyslaw II the Exile. Confusion with the filiation of these two princesses is associated with ambiguous reports of sending brides to Poland. There are three references in the Kiev Chronicle, in two of which the princesses are named by their first name, in the third onle the patronymic Vsevolodovna is mentioned [I, stb. 300, 308, 313].

It is noteworthy that both of these marriages were part of the dynastic policy of warring clans. The struggle for Poland between the junior Piasts led to each of them seeking support from the Russian princes. Zvenislava's marriage with Boleslaw the Tall, the son of Wladislaw II the Exile  [5, s. 134, 3, c. 251, 2, p. 193-194, 198-200] strengthened the allied relations of his father with the prince of Chernigov. The struggle with his half-brothers, however, was not successful. Wladislaw and his family were exiled from Poland around 1146. There are different datings of Zvenislava's marriage [I, stb. 313. 1142; 2, p. 199], however it is obvious that it took place prior to Wladislaw's defeat, and the daughter-in-law of the exiled prince probably accompanied her husband's family to Bohemia, and then to Germany, where Wladislaw's brother-in-law Konrad III, the King of Germany, allocated Altenburg Castle to the fugitives. In a marriage with Boleslaw the princess had three children: two sons, Yaroslav and Heinrich, and a daughter Olga [3, Table 12]. The assumption that Zvenislava died in Germany before 1163 arose due to the fact that there is no mention of her in the sources after the return of Boleslaw the Tall and his younger brother Mieszko to Silesia. Different dates of the death of the princess Zvenislava are named between 1155 and 1163 [2, p. 618].


  • Yaroslaw (between 1143 and 1160 - March 22, 1201), since 1172/1173 the Prince of Opole, since 1198 the Bishop of Wroclaw
  • Henry the Bearded
  • Olga (abut 1155/1160 - June 27, 1175/1180)


I. Polnoe sobranie russkikh letopisei. T. II. Ipat'evskaia letopis'. M., 2001.


1. Voitovich V. Kniazha doba na Rusi: portreti eliti. Bila Tserkva, 2006.

2. Dombrovskii D. Genealogiia Mstislavichei. Pervye pokoleniia (do nachala XIV v.) / Per. s pol'skogo i vstup. slovo k rus. izd. K.Iu. Erusalimskogo, O.A. Ostapchuk. SPb., 2015.

3. Litvina A.F., Uspenskii F.B. Vybor imeni u russkikh kniazei v X–XVI vv. Dinasticheskaia istoriia skvoz' prizmu antroponimiki. M., 2006.

4. Morozova L.E. Velikie i neizvestnye zhenshchiny Drevnei Rusi. M., 2009.

5. Balzer O. Genealogia Piastów. Wyd. II.  Kraków 2005